Jats in world History
Asia gets its nam e from Asiagh Jats. These people were called
Asiagh because they used to keep Asi, the sword in sanskrit
The country Assyria or Syria derives its name from Asiaghs.
The Asiagh people were inhabitants of Asirgarh. One group
of them migrated to Europe. Another group moved to Jangladesh.
The origin of word Asiagh is from Sanskrit word "Asii" meaning
sword. According to Kautilya the people who depended on "Asii"
(sword) for their living were known as Asiagh.
According to Ram Swarup Joon, Pliny writes that during a conflict
between KhanKesh, a province in Turkey, and Babylonia, they
sent for the Sindhu Jats from Sindh. These soldiers wore cotton
uniforms and were experts in naval warfare. On return from
Turkey they settled down in Syria. They belonged to Hasti
dynasty. Asiagh Jats ruled Alexandria in Egypt. Their title
It is confirmed by different historical and geographical works,
as cited by Maulana Mubarakpuri that they had settled in large
number in Antioc and coastal town of Syria under the patronage
of the pious and Umayyad caliphate (Khilafat-e-Rashidah and
Egypt (Arabic):, romanized Misr, in Egyptian Arabic Má?r, is
a Middle Eastern country in North Africa. While the country
is geographically situated in Africa, the Sinai Peninsula,
east of the Suez Canal, is a land bridge to Asia. According
to Ram Swarup Joon, Pliny writes that during a conflict between
KhanKesh, a province in Turkey, and Babylonia, they sent for
the Sindhu Jats from Sindh. These soldiers wore cotton uniforms
and were experts in naval warfare. On return from Turkey they
settled down in Syria. They belonged to Hasti dynasty. Asiagh
Jats ruled Alexandria in Egypt. Their title was Asi.
Greece, is a country in south-eastern Europe, situated on
the southern end of the Balkan peninsula Herodotus, a famous
Greek historian, has described himself as a descendant of
Some people in Greece consider Balram, brother of Lord Krishna
as their ancestor. Yunan, the other name of Greece is after
the name of Chandra Vanshi King Yavan who was from Satjit
branch of Yadu. Dr. Radhakrishnan, in his history of the world
writes that the people, who were called Hellene in Greece,
settled there about 2000 years before Christ and named their
country Hellas. They were Aryans and brought their bards with
them. They worshipped Sun, Moon and Goddesses like the Indian
Aryans. In 480 BC Iranians conquered Greece. At that time
King ofSparta was Leonidas.
Alexander's General Seleucus was from Hellene confederacy.
After being defeated by Chandra Gupta Maurya, he gave his
daughter Eellen in marriage to him. Seleucus, before returning,
recruited a large number of Jats in his army and settled them
in an area named Mawrya and a small island called Jatroti.
Iraq (Arabic):is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern
Asia encompassing most of Mesopotamia as well as the northwestern
end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the
Syrian Desert. It shares a border with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia
to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest,
Turkey to the north, and Iran (Persia) to the east. It has
a very narrow section of coastline at Umm Qasr on the Persian
Gulf. It is considered the place where a settled society to
have manifested all the features needed to qualify fully as
a "civilization" first appeared in the world - the civilization
known as Sumeria.
Jats in Iraq
Amir Mahoye, ruler, of Iraq, took away 20,000 Jats from India
and settled them in Iraq. According to Todd, Indian names
of Vegetables like 'Bhindi' and 'Tori' are still used in Iraq.
Caliph Omar encouraged Jats to settle down the frontiers of
Iraq for defence.
Prophet All entrusted the protection of his treasury in Baghdad
to the Jats. Calif Walid granted high positions to Jats in
his army and sought their help in defence against the Italians
(Romans?). Sulaiman Nadvi writes in Tawarikhe Tibri that when
Ayesha, wife of Hazrat Mohammed fell ill, a Jat Physician
was called to attend on her.
There is reference to Mirh Jats in the history of Arabs. These
Jats were brought from Sindh and settled in Arabia during
the Abbasid rule. They were fierce warriors.
Italy is a Southern European country. It comprises the Italian
peninsula, the Po River valley, and two large islands in the
Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern
alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia.
The country also shares a sea border with Croatia, and France.
Jats in Italy
In 500 BC, Jats took part in the civil war in Italy. When
the hunters invaded Italy, the Jats defeated them on the battlefield
of Nester. As a reward the ruler of Italy permitted them to
occupy the Danube basin called Balkans now. After four years,
differences arose between the Jats and king Theodius of Italy,
who attacked the Jats. The Jats were victorious and occupied
Then they attacked Rome and after defeating the famous military
commander Allers, occupied the south eastern portion of Italy.
Theodius gave his daughter in marriage to the Jat leader.
The Jats vacated Italy, advanced into and settled in Spain
In 490 BC, there was another battle after which Jats occupied
the whole of Italy and ruled there for 65 years upto 425 BC.
During this period Italy made a great measure of progress.
After the death of the great Jat leader Totila, the Jat power
declined and they were driven out of Italy. Soon after, the
Arabs drove the Jats out of Spain and Portugal. Consequently
Jats were so weakened and scattered that they ceased to exist
as a recognised group in this area.
Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland) is a peninsula
in northern Europe that forms the mainland part of Denmark
and a northern part of Germany, dividing the North Sea from
the Baltic Sea. Its terrain is relatively flat, with low hills
and peat bogs. It has an area of 29,775 km² (11,496 square
miles), and a population of 2,491,852 (2004).
Much of the peninsula is occupied by the Kingdom of Denmark.
The southern portion is made up of the German Bundesland of
Schleswig-Holstein, possession of which has passed back and
forth between the Danes and various German rulers, with Denmark
most recently reclaiming North Schleswig (Nordslesvig in Danish)
by plebiscite in 1920.
The largest cities in the Danish part of the Jutland Peninsula
are Århus, Aalborg, Billund, Esbjerg, Frederikshavn, Randers,
Kolding, Ribe, Vejle, Viborg, and Horsens. The five largest
cities in Schleswig-Holstein are Kiel, Lübeck, Flensburg,
Neumünster, and Norderstedt, although Lübeck and Norderstedt
are arguably not in Jutland. It was founded by Asiagh Jats
and at that time their name was Asii.
Kent Kingdom was a Kingdom of Jats in England. The Kingdom
of Kent was founded by Jutes in southeast England, one of
the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon
heptarchy. It is interesting to note further that some ethnologists
have regarded this fine people as of kin to ancient Getae
and to theGoths of Europe by whom not only Jutland but parts
of the south-east of England and Spain were overrun and to
some extent peopled. It is therefore possible that, yeomen
of Kent and Hampshire have blood relation in the natives.
of Bharatpurand the Panjab
Scandinavia is a region in northern Europe that includes Denmark,
Norway and Sweden, thoughFinland is often considered a Scandinavian
country in common English usage, with Iceland and the Faroe
Islands sometimes also included. It is named after the province
of Scania in southern Sweden. Scandinavia is the cultural
and historic region in Northern Europe consisting of the Scandinavian
and Jutland peninsulas and the islands inbetween.Scandinavia
and Jutlandwere founded by Asiagh Jats and they were known
as Asii at that time.
Indus Valley seal with a seated figure
Sindh is a province of Pakistan. It is named after Sindhu
gotra jats. Descendants of Maharaja Sindhu are Sindhu gotra
jats. Sindhu river is also after Sindhu gotra. Jats appear
to be the original race of Sind valley, stretching from the
mouth of Indus to as far as the valley of Peshawar.Sindh has
been ruled by Balhara, Nehra,Panwar, Hala and Rai gotra of
Turkistan(also spelled Turkestan or Türkistan, literally means
"Land of the Turks") is a region in Central Asia, which today
is largely inhabited by Turkic people. It also contains some
of the great cities of Persian culture, notably Samarkand
and Bukhara, and still has a substantial Iranian population,
known today as Tajiks.
Turkistan is derived from Takshak
The word Turk has been derived from Takshan and Takshak is
a well-known Jat-Gotra. The Greek historian Strabo writes
that the Takshaks named Kardastan as Takshakstan. Later the
name was changed to Turkistan and consequently, the inhabitants
began to be called -Turks. The capital of this country was
originally known as Takshkhand, which changed toTashkand or
Jats in Afghanistan
Afghanistan was part of Bharat Varsh during Mahabharata period.
The wife of Dhritrashtra, Gandhari, was from this area. Sometimes
there were Indian rulers and sometimes there were Iranian
rulers in Afghanistan. During Chandra Gupta's period Saubhagsen
was king in Afghanistan. Jat rulers till the invasion by Mughals
ruled Kandahar. After the Mughal invasion some Jats moved
to India and others were converted to Muslims. Jats from Afghanistan
moved to India during the rule of Shalivahan. According to
Henry Eliot, author of the book "Distribution of the races
of north western provinces of India", The Jats settled on
the banks of Chenab River in Punjab, call there area as Herat
because they believe that they had come fromHerat of Iran.
According to Thakur Deshraj the present Sistan was ruled by
Jats and that area was known as Shivistan (place of Shivi
gotra Jats). Cunningham states that Jats mixed with Rajputs
and Afghans. Later these people were called Bloch.
Jats in Arab
"Arab" is defined independently of religious identity, and
pre-dates the rise of Islam, with historically attested Arab
Christian kingdoms and Arab Jews. The earliest documented
use of the word "Arab" as defining a group of people dates
from the 9th century BCE.
Quzi Athar Mubarakprui was very keenly interested in socio-cultural
and intellectual history of India, especially of Sindh region
and produced a number of books on this subject in to Arabic
and Urdu such as 'Arab was Hind ahd-i-Risalat mein and Khilafat-i-Rashida
aur Hindustan contain very rich material about Jats and their
development in different periods of history. Quzi Athar Mubarakprui's
studies on Jats covered many important aspects of their history
and their achievements in different walks of life with reference
to the ancient as well as medieval period. In his well documented
works he has discussed, though briefly but comprehensively,
the etymology of the Arabic version of Jats, their original
place in India, their history of settlement in Persian and
Arab regions, their customs and traditions and their impact
on socio cultural life of the Arabs.
Jats in Ukraine
I.Sara, a Canadian barrister and solicitor has pointed out
that the recent excavations in the Ukraine and Crimea provide
visible links of Jats and Scythians. Cap. Dalip Singh Ahalawat
has reported in an article published in Jat Samaj Patrika
(Oct./Nov.1991) that Jats had ruled inScythia and Central
Asia. He has given a list of about 70 Jat gotras who have
ruled over there.
Dalip Singh has mentioned following Jat gotras who ruled over
Scythia and Central Asia in his book "jat veeron ka itihaas"-
1.Saka 2.barbar 3.shivi 4.palhav 5.chol 6.kamboj 7.valhik
8.pandyav 9.rishik 10.tushar 11.kundu 12.nagavanshi13.kalkhande
14.kang 15.darad 16.sihag 17.her 18.bhullar 19.dahiya 20.maurya-maur
21.nav-nauvar 22.yaudheya 23.jakhar24.punia 25.gaur 26.naga
27.kalkal 28.kuru-kaurav 29.tomar-tanwar 30.tur 31.tatran
32.maan 33.ven 34.ojhlan 35.kashyap36.kaswan 37.kuran 38.pahalvi
39.sandharan 40.odhran 41.hans 42.dabas 43.chahal 44.sikarwar
45.china 46.gill 47.gujar48.johal 49.lamba 50.chhikara 51.ghangas
52.nohwar 53.puruya-paurav 54.ahlawat 55.kataria 56.khatkar
57.rathi 58.sindhu59.chalukya 60.gulia 61.kuntal-khoontal
62.khasa 63.tangal 64.utar 65.sheoran 66.mirdha-mira 67.baraich
68.shishi69.dagar 70.bhadra. According to a survey there are
about 32000 Jats in Ukraine and their language isJatali.